Arthritis is the swelling and tenderness of one or more of your joints. The main symptoms of arthritis are joint pain and stiffness, which typically worsen with age. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Uric acid crystals, which form when there is excess much uric acid in your blood, can cause gout. Infections or underlying disease, such as psoriasis or lupus, can cause other types of arthritis. In this video, Dr. Neelima, Humain Health’s Consultant Pathologist, talks about the different times of arthritis, and why it affects a person.
Risk factors for arthritis are :
-Family history : Some types of arthritis run in families, so you may be more likely to develop arthritis if your parents or siblings have the disorder. Your genes can make you more susceptible to environmental factors that may trigger arthritis.
-Age : The risk of many types of arthritis, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout, increases with age.
-Sex : Women are more likely than men to develop rheumatoid arthritis, while men are mostly affected by gouty arthritis.
-Obesity : Being obese puts stress on joints, particularly the knees, hips and spine. People with obesity have a higher risk of developing arthritis.
Severe arthritis, particularly if it affects your hands or arms, can make it difficult for you to do daily tasks. Arthritis of weight-bearing joints can keep you from walking comfortably or sitting up straight. In some cases, joints may become twisted and deformed.
While there is no cure for arthritis, you can make a number of lifestyle changes that may help you manage your arthritis. Know your risk of heart diseases with blood tests that check for specific types of antibodies like RF (rheumatoid factor) and ANA (antinuclear antibody).
Lifestyle changes can help people with arthritis-
-Weight loss and maintaining a healthy weight reduce the risk of developing osteo arthritis and can reduce symptoms if you already have it.
-Eating a healthy diet is important for weight loss. Foods to minimize or avoid if you have arthritis include fried foods, processed foods, dairy products and high intakes of meat. Some research suggests that a meal that includes raw or moderately cooked vegetables (lots of greens, legumes), with addition of spices like turmeric and ginger, seasonal fruits, probiotic yogurt all of which are good sources of natural antioxidants and deliver anti-inflammatory effects. This can be helpful in reducing or avoiding arthritis. People suffering from arthritis should avoid any processed food, high salt, oils, butter and sugar. Dietary supplements like vitamin D, cod liver oil and multivitamins help in managing arthritis.
-Regular exercise will keep your joints flexible. Swimming is often a good form of exercise for people with arthritis because it does not put pressure on your joints the way running and walking do. Staying active is important, but you should also be sure to rest when you need to.
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